How was the year 1904 bad one for the Russian workers? In February 1917, food shortages were deeply felt among the workers. As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essentials were shut down. Lenin and his supporters had opposed the war since 1914. He was an Italian nationalist who worked for the unification of Italy and led the Italian revolutionary movement. So peasants, not the workers, would be the main force of revolution; and Russia could become socialist more quickly than other countries. They resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock. What was the Bolshevik Party known as in the later years? Socialists’ aversion for private property was highlighted. Workers whose jobs needed skill and training considered themselves aristocrats among other workers. Suddenly, after the revolution, it seemed possible to change this. Scroll down for Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution from NCERT Book Class 9 History Book & important study material. Get the best NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 History and overcome your fear of facing the challenging History questions. Most were innocent of the crimes, but no one spoke for them. Some had strong links with the villages from which they came. The winter was very cold. Answer: Answer: Question 1. Able-bodied men were called up to the war. Workers in England and Germany began forming associations to fight for better living and working conditions. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body which came to be known as the Second International. In March 1918, despite opposition by their political allies, the Bolsheviks made peace with Germany at Brest Litovsk. (Imp) But it was attacked brutally by the police and the Cossacks. NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Trade unions were kept under party control. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? They did not believe in universal adult franchise. How were the critics of planned economy and collectivisation treated by Stalin’s and his sympathizers? Peasants were not happy with Stalin’s collectivisation programme because their land had been taken away to establish state-controlled large farms. Which group in Europe looked to change society? You can practice the questions and check your answers from the solutions given after question question34s. Lawyers, doctors, engineers and other middle class workers established the Union of Unions and demanded a Constituent Assembly. Severe restrictions were placed on political activity. The food supply situation turned even worse in subsequent years because production did not increase immediately. He feared that the Provisional Government would set up a dictatorship in Russia. Or What was the Petrograd Soviet? Stalin’s government allowed some independent cultivation, but treated such cultivators unsympathetically. They accepted that some change was inevitable but believed that the past had to be respected and change had to be brought about through a slow process. The Allies For examples, France, Britain and Russia. They resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock. Or Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Free Online MCQ Questions for Class 9 Social Science History with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Important questions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 named Polynomials help the students to prepare for the Class 9 Mathematics Examination. (iv) During 1918 and 1919, Socialist revolutionaries (the queens) and Pro-Tsarists (the whites) controlled most of the Russian Empire. What were Lenin’s April Theses? (ii) They wanted to safeguard the rights of individuals against government. Socialists argued that individuals own the property that gave employment but the men with property were concerned only with personal gain and not with the welfare of those who made the property productive. Answer: (iii) Rapid construction of factory sites began. The membership of workers’ associations rose dramatically. These three demands were Lenin’s ‘April Theses’. There were over 7 million casualties by 1917. He argued that industrial society was capitalist. Answer: Earlier, in the eighteenth century, conservatives had been generally opposed to the idea of change. As per your CBSE Class 9 syllabus, the India and the Contemporary World-1 (History) unit in Social Science covers topics such as Nazism, French Revolution, Colonialism and Social Revolution. (iii) But liberals were not democrats. He deputed officials to assess how the economy could work and set targets for a five-year period. Question 1. All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. Question 4. Answer: Question 11. Question 3. Answer: Who was Giuseppe Mazzini? Since land was declared social property, So peasants began to seize the land of the nobility. Why did Russia lose its International reputation as a socialist country by the end of the twentieth century? At dawn, pro-government military men seized the buildings of two Bolshevik newspapers. (i) The year 1904 was a particularly bad one for Russian workers. The procession of workers led by Father Gapon reached the Winter Palace. They were also against women’s right to vote. Distinguish between the ideas of liberals and radicals. The eastern front was longer and so lower troop concentrations. So they wanted to change the society. In the city of Magnitogorsk, the construction of a steel plant was achieved in three years. On 25 February, the government suspended the Duma. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 5 Rulers and Buildings with Answers Pdf free download. Question 29. Socialism is a political and economic theory of social organisation which advocates that means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. Answer: What triggered civil war in Russia? How did peasants react to this policy? They wanted a nation which tolerated all religions. Question 8. What were the reasons of the Russian civil war between the Bolsheviks and the Russian army of non-Bolsheviks? Which incident sparked the French Revolution? Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Answer: (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. In Khiva, in Central Asia, Bolshevik colonists brutally massacred local nationalists in the name of defending socialism. In spite of these improvements, Russia’s economic condition remained backward. What were the major changes that Stalin introduced in the field of agriculture through his collectivisation programme? Before the eighteenth century society was broadly divided into estates and orders and it was the aristocracy and church which controlled economic and social power. Thus, on one hand, the party stood for socialism and for change and so many welcomed it but on the other hand, the party encouraged censorship which disillusioned many. Socialism encourages cooperatives which are associations of people who produces goods together and divide the profit according to the work done by members. Craftsmen undertook much of the production, but large factories existed alongside craft workshops. After centralised planning was introduced in Russia, industrial production increased and new factories came into being. Question 2. Socialists took over the government in Russia through the October Revolution in 1917. The Tsar began to lose popular support because he didn’t sense the gravity of the situation. In France, Louis Blanc wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace capitalist enterprises. Question 5. They felt men of property mainly should have the vote. Workers were a divided group. As they retreated, the Russian army destroyed crops and buildings to prevent the enemy from being able to live off the land. In cities, Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. This document is highly rated by Class 9 … (iii) Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. The regiments supported the workers. Question 16. According to some Russian socialists, the Russian peasants were natural socialist because they divided their land periodically. (i) In the west, armies fought from trenches stretched along eastern France. Which kind of nation did the liberals want? Answer: Strikes took place all over the country. Social Democrats disagreed with Socialist Revolutionaries about peasants. In the countryside, socialists formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900. CBSE Class 7 History (Our Pasts-II) Important Questions With the CBSE Class 7 final exam nearing, students are all running to find the resources to prepare most competently for the exam. Social democrats disagreed with socialist revolutionaries about peasants. In Germany, these associations worked closely with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and helped it win parliamentary seats. It angered the whole Russia. Answer: CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 2 Important Questions. Late in the day, the ship Aurora shelled the Winter Palace. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Labour was made compulsory for all. Thus, Lenin played an important role in the Russian Revolution. In the context of Russia, which group was the supporter of women’s Suffragette Movements? In that society more attention would be paid to collective social interests. How did cooperatives work in the early nineteenth century? So, ace up your preparation with MCQ of Chapter 3 History Objective Questions. It set up a newspaper, mobilised workers and organised strikes. Question 2. However, socialists cherished different visions of the future. Answer: Answer: These Extra Questions with solution are prepared by our team of expert teachers who are teaching … Between 1929 and 1931, the number of cattle fell by one-third. NCERT Class 9 History Books: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes history textbooks for Class 9.The NCERT Class 9th History textbooks are well known for it’s updated and thoroughly revised syllabus. Answer: (i) Some believed in the idea of cooperatives. By the time of the outbreak of the Second World War, the USSR had given socialism a global face and world stature. Even conservatives changed their outlook after the French Revolution. Question 1. The situation discredited the government and the Tsar, soldiers felt so demoralised that they wanted to keep themselves away from such a war. CBSE Class 9 Social Science Notes History Chapter 2 SST Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution will seemingly, help them to revise the important concepts in less time. 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Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Allied Powers → D. France, E. England, F. Russia, G. Ameriea (USA). This was a direct blow on the Tsarist power which ultimately collapsed. (iv) Lenin succeeded in overthrowing the Provisional Government and in establishing a communist rule in Russia. As a result, the USSR lost its international reputation as a socialist country by the end of the twentieth century. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body called the Second International. Answer: Here we present The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Important Questions and Answers Pdf Social Science History Chapter 1, We have collected all the important questions which came in the previous year exams. Answer: Or Answer: (ii) Economic conditions: Before 1905, the vast majority of Russia’s people were agriculturists. What was the basic idea behind building cooperatives? The Tsar changed the voting laws and packed the Duma with conservative politicians who never questions his (Tsar’s) authority. A. Question 13. Question 3. As a result, trenches proved less effective. So, they demanded that governments encourage cooperatives. Question 4. They thought that the time was not yet ripe for a socialist revolution and the provisional government needed to be supported. Answer: Answer: This caused acute food crisis in the country. Question 4. (i) Tsar’s Autocratic rule was not tolerable now. Armies moved a good deal and fought battles leaving large casualties. Lenin and the Bolsheviks had opposed the war since 1914. Question 31. Marx argued that industrial society was capitalist. Question 30. What different visions of the future had socialists? So he encouraged workers to come together to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. 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